Types of building stones and their application



Granite is one of the most common types of building stones in the category of igneous stones. These stones are available in red, black, brown, chocolate, pink, blue and green colors. Using this stone, it is easy to create harmony in the space. Granite is very hard and durable with high polishing ability. Resistant to water penetration and impact.


Types of building stones


One of the special features of granite is its ability to be used with other materials such as steel, wood and glass. This feature makes this type of stone easy to use for most parts of the building.


Resistance to heat and water penetration is a feature that makes it easy to use this stone in kitchen decoration, bathroom sink, kitchen sink, counter and flooring.


The use of granite as one of the types of building stones that are resistant to abrasion and corrosion, will be a very good choice for stairs.


Granite has a better price compared to other stones because its resources are found in abundance in the country. It also has low maintenance costs.


Types of building stones



Travertine is a type of sedimentary stone made of crystal calcite and is used in cream, white and gray colors for interior and exterior decoration. This stone is one of the most widely used types of building stones in modern facades as well as classic facades. Travertine has a porous texture and various colors and stripes, the color variation of which is due to differences in the compounds that are present at the time of deposition in the rock elements.


Types of building stones


Travertine stone has high polishing and cutting properties, which creates a high luster and makes it suitable for use in volumetric views. Travertine is used in Roman facades, which can be used to obtain the necessary volumes.


The presence of porosity in this stone has made it resistant to factors such as expansion, frost, shrinkage, heat, etc. Due to the high porosity of travertine, this stone is one of the types of building stones suitable for building flooring because it prevents slipping.


Travertine is more expensive than granite, so it is more common to use it.


Quartzite rock
Quartzite rock is a very hard metamorphic rock that is formed by the metamorphism of sandstone due to high pressure and heat in the earth’s layers. This rough, hard, yet crystalline surface stone is available in red, gray, and brown. Quartzite is a type of building stone with a appearance similar to marble but higher strength and similar to granite but harder. The price of quartzite is lower than other stones.

Types of building stones

Due to the weather resistance of quartzite, it is a suitable option for covering walls, building facades, repairing walls, and floors. It is also used in interior decoration such as kitchen, living room and bathroom quartzite.


Marble is a type of limestone that is formed under pressure and heat due to recrystallization during the transformation of limestone. This type of stone is found both uniformly and with veins of various colors. These veins are due to impurities that were present in the early limestone. Marble can be seen with different colors from other natural stones. Colors such as red, yellow, white, gray, purple and green.

Marble has a high polishing ability and a mirror surface. Due to its high gloss and beautiful colors, it is a type of building stone that is used for interior decoration, flooring, columns, stairs and interior decorations. The shiny surface and easy maintenance and cleaning of marble makes it suitable for use in the kitchen.

Of course, the price of marble is higher compared to other stones used in the interior decoration of the building.



Another type of building stone is marble or marble. This rock is a sedimentary limestone. Marble is sometimes confused with marble, but in fact it has no resemblance to marble because marble is formed from the transformation of limestone, but marble is sedimentary. This stone is classified into three categories: porcelain stone, crystal stone and cloud stone. Porcelain marble has a fine-grained and crystalline texture, which is divided into three types: white porcelain, crystal porcelain and gray porcelain. Crystal marble has a coarse-grained and crystalline texture, and cloudy marble is composed of non-parallel bands resulting from the accumulation of light and dark minerals.


This stone is lighter but more stable than other stones. Marble does not absorb water but has little resistance to weathering and acid rain. This low resistance has made this stone more used in buildings such as flooring and wall coverings. Marble is also suitable for use on parking walls and stairwells.



Sandstone is the result of the deposition of sand on the bottom of a river or stream. This rock is a component of sedimentary rocks and is obtained from the grafting of silica grains. Sandstone is available in white, gray, reddish brown, yellow, red and brown colors and is one of the types of building stones that are used inside and outside the building due to its high versatility.

Sandstone can be used in flooring, wall coverings, roofing, balconies, swimming pools and patios.

Antique rock
Antique stone is made by putting travertine particles together with adhesives. Travertine rocks may be crushed naturally or during the mining process. Architects and designers use these scraps called antique stone to beautify the interior and exterior of buildings, floors, landscaping of recreational areas, gardens and villas.

Antique stones are softer and more flexible than other types of building stones. The presence of porosity in antique stones makes it possible for these stones to adhere to any type of wall (gypsum, cement, ceramic, etc.).

Antique stones are resistant to environmental changes, frost, moisture, pressure, scratches, abrasion and fire. Due to its high resistance to heat, it is used to beautify the exterior of fireplaces.



Natural slab stone
Natural slab stone is a natural product that is characterized by its type and composition of minerals. This stone is one of the types of building stones that do not have any harmful pollutants for health. For this reason, it can be easily used in environments such as the kitchen. Slab contraction joints should intersect at the openings for columns and should intersect at the openings for columns. It also does not require chemical coatings, impregnants or coatings. This building stone is available in a variety of colors, structures and textures; So architects have a wide range of choices to use for any type of space or facade. Applications of this type of stone can be mentioned as a decorative stone on the walls and as a floor covering in a building.


Apart from the types of building stones introduced in this text, there are many building stones, each of which has different properties and applications. Stones such as carcasses, slabs, tuff, slate, plaque, malone, guillotine, plinth, diorite, etc. In this text, various types of building stones are introduced, which we hope have been useful.